U.S. Census Proposes More Changes to Race Categories
WASHINGTON — To keep pace with rapidly changing notions of race, the Census Bureau wants to make broad changes to its surveys that would treat “Hispanic” as a distinct category regardless of race, end use of the term “Negro” and offer new ways to identify Middle Easterners.
The recommendations released Wednesday stem from new government research on the best ways to count the nation’s demographic groups. Still it could face stiff resistance from some racial and ethnic groups who worry that any kind of wording change in the high-stakes government count could yield a lower tally for them.
“This is a hot-button issue,” said Angelo Falcon, president of the National Institute for Latino Policy in New York City and a community adviser to the census. “The burden will be on the Census Bureau to come up with evidence that wording changes will not undermine the Latino numbers.”
Arab-Americans said they strongly support the Census Bureau’s efforts. “The Census Bureau’s current method for determining Arab ancestry yields a significant undercount of the actual size of the community, and we’re optimistic that the new form should be significantly better at capturing ancestry data,” the Arab American Institute said in a statement.
The research is based on an experiment conducted during the 2010 census in which nearly 500,000 households were given forms with the race and ethnicity questions worded differently.
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